Mayer, R.E. (2014). Multimedia Instruction. In J.M. Spector et al Eds. Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology. New York: Springer Science & Business Media.
Access via TRU Course Moodle site or emailed from instructor
Mayer, R.E. (2014). Research Based Principles for Multimedia Learning.
Presentation given at Harvard University, 5 May 2014.
Richard Mayer’s new chapter in the Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology is a comprehensive and well supported description of his theory and the preceding theories that are incorporated into it. His talk at Harvard covers almost exactly the same ground though with perhaps less depth. Please be sure to read/watch at least one of these resources. If you aren’t sure you are following him in the video, try the chapter first.
Clark, R.C & Lyons, C. (2010). Three views of instructional visuals, In Graphics for Learning: Proven Guidelines for Planning, Designing and Evaluating Visuals in Training Materials. San Francisco: Pfeiffer, 15-28.
Note on Wikipedia readings: for each of the three readings below, read the opening sections to ensure you have a clear understanding of each term.
Digital Image Editing on Wikipedia
Vector Graphics on Wikipedia
Raster Graphics on Wikipedia
Ready to download some software? Try Gimp the free raster-based editor – good for working with photos and existing images, or
Inkscape the free vector based editor – good for creating and editing vector-based drawings.
Alternatively, try out SumoPaint, a full-featured online image editor.
See more tutorials and resources on the technical side of graphics in the ‘Graphics’ pages at the bottom of the right-side menu.
Clark, R.C & Lyons, C. (2010). A Visual design model for planning graphics systematically, In Graphics for Learning: Proven Guidelines for Planning, Designing and Evaluating Visuals in Training Materials. San Francisco: Pfeiffer, 29-43.
Keith Webster. Graphics for Learning
Webster, Keith. Image Tags.
Richard E. Mayer. “Applying the Science of Learning: Evidence-Based Principles for the Design of Multimedia Instruction” American Psychologist, November 2008, pp. 760-769.
Paik, E. S., & Schraw, G. (2013). Learning with Animation and Illusions of Understanding. Journal Of Educational Psychology, 105(2), 278-289.
Brett, Matt. Digital Photography Tips and Tutorials for Beginners
Google. Find Creative Commons Images with Image Search
Cognitive load theory
Information processing theory
Dual coding theory
- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Dual Coding and Common Coding Theories of Memory.
- Wikipedia. Dual-coding Theory.
Episodic buffer theory
- Baddeley, Alan. The Episodic Buffer: A New Component of Working Memory?.
- Wikipedia. Baddeley’s Model of Working Memory.
Mayer’s cognitive theory of multimedia
- Doolittle, Peter E. Multimedia Learning: Empirical Results and Practical Applications.
Linda L. Lohr. Creating Graphics for Learning and Performance: Lessons in Visual Literacy. Columbus, OH: Pearson, 2008.
Ruth Colvin Clark and Chopeta Lyons. Graphics for Learning: Proven Guidelines for Planning, Designing and Evaluating Visuals in Training Materials. San Francisco: Pfeiffer, 2010.
Richard E. Mayer, Ed. The Cambridge Handbook of Multimedia Learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Richard E. Mayer. Multimedia Learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.